First Peter – Encouraging Christians

In the Epistle of First Peter, Peter wrote to Jewish Christians who were experiencing persecution for their faith. He wrote to comfort them with the hope of eternal life and to challenge them to continue living holy lives. Those who suffer for being Christians become partners with Christ in his suffering. As we suffer, we must remember that Christ is both our hope in the midst of suffering and our example of how to endure suffering faithfully.

When you suffer for doing what is right, remember that following Christ is a costly commitment. When persecuted for your faith, rejoice that you have been counted worthy to suffer for Christ. He suffered for us; as his followers, we should expect nothing less. As you read First Peter, remember that trials will come to refine your faith. When they come, remain faithful to God.

Written by Peter, “an apostle of Jesus Christ” (1 Peter 1:1), having been commissioned of God with an apostleship (job) in the dispensation of grace to write a book. Peter wrote in the company of Sylvanus (Silas) (1 Peter 5:12).

Date Written:
About A. D. 64-65, possibly from Rome (or Babylon).

To Whom Written:
To the Jews “scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia” (1 Peter 1:1).

The purpose of the book of 1 Peter as to inform Jewish believers living in the dispensation of grace as to how God would have them live as Jews in this dispensation. They are “a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a peculiar people (1 Peter 2:9), the Jewish company of dispensation of grace believers. While living outside the land, they were once not a people, but now are the people of God. They are destined to represent God’s grace in Israel in the kingdom to come, while Gentile believers from this dispensation will represent Him to other nations. Yet first, they needed to know how to live worthily as Jews in this dispensation, with the law no longer being the rule of life for any Israelite. Peter offered them instruction in this, much as Paul did in 1 Timothy.

Complete Outline:
To download a PDF outline of First Peter click here.

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