The man events of First Kings are David’s death, Solomon’s reign, the division of the kingdom, and Elijah’s ministry. As Solomon ascended the throne, David charged him to obey God’s laws and to walk “in his ways”. This Solomon did; and when given the choice of gifts from God, he humbly asked for discernment. As a result, Solomon’s reign began with great success, including the construction of the temple – his greatest achievement. Unfortunately, Solomon took many pagan wives and concubines who eventually turned his heart from the Lord to their false gods.
Solomon was a botanist, zoologist, architect, poet, and philosopher. He was the wisest king in the history of Israel, but his wives led to the introduction of false gods and false worship in Israel. It is good for us to have wisdom, but that is not enough. The highest goal in life is to obey the Lord. Patient obedience to God should characterize our lives.
When the northern kingdom of Israel was being led by wicked kings, God raised up a prophet to proclaim his messages. Elijah singlehandedly challenged the priesthood of the state religion and had them removed in one day. Through the dividing of the kingdom and the sending of Elijah, God dealt with the people’s sin in powerful ways. Sin in our lives is graciously forgiven by God. However, the sin of an unrepentant person will be handled harshly. We must turn from sin and turn to God to be saved from judgment.
Elijah is surely one of the greatest prophets, and chapters 17 through 22 feature his conflict with wicked Ahab and Jezebel in Israel, In one of the most dramatic confrontations in history, Elijah defeated the prophets of Baal at Mount Carmel. In spite of incredible opposition, Elijah stood for God and proves that one plus God is a majority. If God is on our side, no one can stand against us (Romans 8:31).
The writer of First Kings is unknown, possibly Jeremiah or a group of prophets
To contrast the lives of those who live for God and those who refuse to do so through the history of the kings of Israel and Judah.
The once great nation of Israel turned into a land divided, not only physically, but also spiritually.
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