The Gospel of Luke began with a prologue addressed to Theophilus; Acts of the Apostles (or just Acts) likewise opens with an address to Theophilus and refers to “my earlier book”, almost certainly the gospel. The apostles and other followers of Jesus meet and elect Matthias to replace Judas as a member of The Twelve.
After the resurrection of Jesus Christ, Peter preached boldly and performed many miracles. Peter’s actions demonstrate vividly the source and effects of Christian power. Because of the Holy Spirit, God’s people were empowered so they could accomplish their tasks. The Holy Spirit is still available to empower believers today. We should turn to the Holy Spirit to give us the strength, courage, and insight to accomplish our work for God.
Paul’s missionary adventures show us the progress of Christianity. The gospel could not be confined to one corner of the world. This was a faith that offered hope to all humanity. We too should venture forth and share in this heroic task to witness for Christ in all the world.
Luke, this book is in some sense a sequel to the Gospel of Luke, and is addressed to the same unknown person, Theophilus.
As early as A. D. 63, after the two years that Paul was in his own hired house in Rome (A. D. 61-63), continuing to preach the kingdom of God (Acts 28:31). Written from Rome, with Paul.
To Whom Written:
To Theophilus (God-lover), (Acts 1:1), as a sequel to the Gospel of Luke.
The purpose of the book of Acts was to record the continuation and completion of Christ’s earthly ministry through His chosen apostles, according to the mandate in Romans 10:9-15. The apostles’ question in Acts 1:6, regarding the full restoration of the kingdom, was answered in Acts 28:28 with a resounding “No.” While the kingdom had come in part, God would postpone it in order to initiate a dispensation of His dealing with mankind in pure grace. The Acts period was a unique time that is never to be repeated.
During the Acts period, the purpose of God was to reach all Jews everywhere with the news of Christ (Mark 16:15). Yet, when the gospel (right message) was preached, it had to be done by someone set (apostello) by God to do so (Romans 10:9-15). It was never done without some physical, visible manifestation to accompany it (Mark 16:17). Paul explained that it was important in demonstrating the power of God (1 Corinthians 2:4-5). Some men of the nations (“Gentiles,” KJV) received the preaching of Jesus Christ once the Jews in their vicinity had refused the same word of truth. The purpose of God in reaching these citizens of the nations was to serve as a means of provoking the Jews to jealousy (Romans 10:19, 11:11, 14). These believers were the wild olive tree (Romans 11:17) grafted into the olive tree (Israel). They were then partakers of Israel’s benefits. The position of these acts period believers among the nations was vastly different from that of believers of any nation after Acts 28:28.
In Acts 13:34, Paul spoke of the “sure mercies of David” (Isaiah 55:3) to describe that which belonged to Christ and to all who would believe in Him during the Acts period. These could lose rewards in the kingdom to come through manifold unfaithful service, or even their lives in this world as Ananias and Sapphira did, but they could not lose their salvation once they were identified with Christ.
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